The complexity of the International Regulations on the Carriage of Goods Dangerous applicable to Batteries require an ever-increasing attention by consignors. Batteries are classified as Hazardous Goods of Class 4.3, 8 and 9 according to the UN Regulation Model on the Transport of Dangerous Goods.
These regulations change periodically and frequencies depend on the transport mode.
Producers, waste managers, recyclers, all those who send spent batteries and forward them, with or without re-packing, in equipment or alone, have the obligation to comply with the rules applicable to road, maritime and air transport modes.
It is therefore necessary to know, for each shipment, how to prepare the batteries, what are the allowed packaging, how to mark and label the packages and what documents to prepare to accompany the goods.
Furthermore, consignors must take into account the specific requirements of each mode of transport. The provisions applicable to road and sea transport may differ because they are adapted to the specific mode of transport to ensure maximum safety.
This means that regulators have introduced special provisions, restrictions and limitations, but also exemptions and exclusions, with the result of making the regulatory framework for the transport of batteries even more complex.
There are many types of batteries that differ in the nature and composition of the electrode materials
Batteries classified as dangerous goods for transport regulations are:
· Lithium batteries
· Lead acid batteries
· Nickel-cadmium batteries
· Nickel-Metal Hydride batteries
· Sodium-Nickel chloride batteries
Starting from the type of battery, distinguishing between the different electro-chemicals or between elements and batteries, it is necessary to provide basic information to all those who are not yet familiar with these International Regulations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods.
Recharge(The European Association of Advanced Rechargeable Batteries), Eurobat (Association of European Automotive and Industrial Battery Manufacturers), Hyper and Marco Ottaviani (Author) have contributed differently to multimodal guides, “Lithium Batteries eBook” and“Pb, NiCd, NiMH, NaNiCl Batteries eBook”, providing instructions on Transport regulation of batteries classified as dangerous goods by road, sea and air.
To share the maximum information on the subject we change strategy:
· both the existing eBooks should be used free of charge;
· we must develop additional contents on this website.
The site should become a reference point for free information and rules on the subject.